People with disabilities face a lot of challenges that are quite difficult to understand by normal people.
They face challenges ranging from using the staircase to using the computer and other day-to-day activities. Some require minimal attention and are able to live independently with aids while others require extra attention and can’t be independent even with aids.
Getting a home that provides special care to the disabled will go a long way in improving their living condition and boosting their confidence.
They get to meet and interact with other people with special needs. This creates a social setting and a positive psychological impact.
Categories of Disabilities
There are different types of disabilities and they are categorized into four.
This category includes people with any form of physical deformity, which limits their mobility. These individuals usually move around with mobility aids like crutches, wheelchairs, and scooters.
Mental disorder is noticed in a person when they tend to act abnormally. This may occur persistently or in single episodes. The disorder affects the behavior and emotional state of mind of a person.
The Intellectual disorder means that a person has limitations to reason, learn, and make decisions. It is an impairment in communication and information retention.
This is when there is a disability in hearing, sight, taste, touch, or smell. It’s basically when there is a disorder in any of the sense organs.
Please note that only the sensory and physically disabled influence housing needs.
Choosing a Home for the Disabled
When you set out to get a home for a disabled person, it is important to take several factors into consideration. Take some time to make sure that the home is a good fit for the person.
It is important to look at the cleanliness of the home and ensure that it is odorless. Inspect the toilets, bathrooms, kitchen, and all other rooms to make sure they’re all in a good state.
Also, check out the furniture and other vital things like carpets. Ensure that they are not old and worn out.
Get all necessary details about the caregivers and employees to be sure that the disabled person is in safe hands.
Housing Options for People with Disabilities
Here are some home options for people with disabilities to choose from.
Disabled people may live with their parents or family members. This is of great advantage because they get to live with people who have good knowledge of their special needs. They will always be around their family members who also double as their caregivers.
The disabled, who live with their parents, have the tendency of not experiencing the troubles associated with moving from one type of housing to another. The family members who take care of the disabled may have access to Medicaid funds payments.
One major downside of this is that as the parents grow older, they may not have the capability to provide as much care as needed by the disabled person.
Group homes are a good fit for disabled people who don’t need extra care but don’t want to live alone or with their family members. They are places where people with inabilities live. The residents get the opportunity to enjoy a social life which they may not have if they live alone or with parents.
Group homes or supportive homes are often staffed with workers or counselors who assist the residents to live comfortably.
Payment for group homes can come in various ways; state programs for the disabled or private payment. The home creates an avenue to interact with other people with special needs.
Assisted Living Facilities
These are dedicated facilities for people with special needs. They live in an apartment within a building and they’re able to carry out a lot of daily activities like cooking and bathing. The residents often get special non-skilled assistance with some activities like cleaning and drug administration. Some of these facilities are dedicated to the treatment of neurological conditions like dementia.
Residents can choose to eat within their apartments or in a common dining hall where they meet with other people with special needs.
Nursing homes are very expensive and usually only recommended for disabled persons with critical special needs. The homes provide a 24-hour skilled special care to the residents. This removes the burden of worries and constant supervision by the family members of the disabled.
Some disabled people with critical disabilities and low assets get Medicaid that qualifies them to live in skilled nursing facilities.
Many families consider nursing homes as their last resort because of its high cost. The bill goes as high as $10,000 per month or even more.
Other housing options include:
- Section 8 housing
- Special needs trust ownership of a home
- Continuing Care Retirement Communities (CCRCs)
Devices for People with Disabilities
There are numerous aids that help the disabled to live a normal life like every normal individual. Below is a list of some of them.
- Walking aids for the handicapped
- Hearing aids for the deaf
- Screen readers for the blind and visually impaired
- Large displays and keyboard for the low vision individuals
- Vacuums and mops designed for people with special needs
- Special clothing to make dressing easy
- Voice recognition devices
- Braille products for the blind
How Much Does Assisted Living Cost?
The cost of assisted living varies, depending on the type of home, location, level of caregiving, and other services provided. The costs usually cover utility bills, meals, maintenance, laundry services, and so on.
Here’s a brief rundown of the monthly costs according to different types of homes.
- Nursing home care ranges from $2,500 to $8,000 because of the nursing services provided
- Adult family homes are considerably cheaper than the other types. The cost ranges from $1,500 to $4,500
- Skilled Nursing home provides professional care-giving services and is expensive at $4,000 to $8,000
- If you’d rather hire a caregiver, the cost of getting one range from $20 to $40 per hours